The life of European immigrant communities: Egypt and Tunisia
Social and political life
European migrants carried with them their political ideas and organisational skills.
Migrants brought with them not only their technical and professional skills, but also their political opinions, organisational talents and cultural interests. Political exiles created local branches of national political organisations in order to continue their political battles. Workers who had been exposed to the experience of trade unionism in their home countries contributed to the creation of trade unions. Migrants also associated for business purposes or to support each other in case of need.

At the same time, migrants strove to preserve their languages and cultures, at times with the direct support of their home governments. Schools were a key tool to preserve languages and a sense of national belonging. For this reason, some home countries financed schools abroad for migrants’ children.
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The life of European immigrant communities: Egypt and Tunisia

The political and juridical framework
Social and political life
Religious life in Tunisia
Leisure activities
An Italian booklet printed in Tunis in 1898 by Socialist and Anarchist Typography on the trial against the Italian anarchist leader Enrico Malatesta


State Library of Modern and Contemporary History, Rome, Italy

This booklet testifies to the presence of a significant Italian anarchist community in Tunisia at the end of the 19th century. Errico Malatesta (1853–1932) was one of the most important Italian anarchist leaders. He spent a good part of his life in exile (in Argentina, Egypt, France, Lebanon, Syria, UK, USA and other countries).

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In this Exhibition
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Privateering and captivity in the Mediterranean
Migrations within the Ottoman Empire
North–South movements
The life of European immigrant communities: Egypt and Tunisia