North–South movements
Second-generation European migrants included writers, painters and other artists.
In the 19th and early 20th century, hundreds of thousands of Europeans settled in African and Asian Mediterranean countries, creating large immigrant communities with rich cultural lives. They included writers, musicians, painters and other artists born in the adopted countries of their parents. For example, Filippo Tommaso Marinetti (author of the Futurist Manifesto) and Giuseppe Ungaretti (prominent Italian poet) were both born in Alexandria (Egypt) to Italian parents. Alexandria was also the hometown of poet Constantine Cavafy (Konstantínos Pétrou Kaváfis), the son of Greek-speaking parents from Constantinople, while Nobel laureate novelist Albert Camus was born in Algiers to French parents. Moreover, some painters moved temporarily or permanently to Arab countries or Turkey because they were fascinated by what appeared to them to be an “exotic” world.
A landscape of Bazaar from Istanbul


Mimar Sinan Fine Arts University, Painting and Sculpture Museum, Istanbul, Turkey

Amadeo Preziosi

Watercolour on paper

Count Amadeo Preziosi (1816–92) was born in Malta to a family that had migrated from Corsica in the 17th century. He completed his art education in Paris before settling in Istanbul in the 1840s, where he married a Greek woman.

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In this Exhibition
About the Exhibition
Privateering and captivity in the Mediterranean
Migrations within the Ottoman Empire
North–South movements
The life of European immigrant communities: Egypt and Tunisia