© Österreichische Nationalbibliothek

Name of Object:

‘Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918)


Vienna, Austria

Holding Institution:

Austrian National Library

 About Austrian National Library, Vienna

Date of Object:

After 1876

Inventory Number:



Portrait of 'Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918). He was born in 1842 in Istanbul. In 1876 he became Sultan and after the lost war with Russia in 1877, he was forced to agree to the 1878 Congress of Berlin. The signatory powers of the congress allowed Austria to occupy Bosnia-Herzegovina, which belonged to the territory of the Ottoman Empire. In 1888 he had to accept the occupation of Tunisia by France. He tried to modernize the Ottoman Empire with the help of Germany, but in 1908 a revolution of Turkish officers forced him to abdicate. He died in 1918 in Istanbul.

Archival or Bibliographical Reference:


Citation of this web page:

"‘Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918)" in "Sharing History", Museum With No Frontiers, 2022. https://sharinghistory.museumwnf.org/database_item.php?id=object;AWE;at;105;en

Copyedited by: Daniel de la VegaDaniel de la Vega

Daniel de la Vega is a copy editor based in Portland, Oregon. He obtained his bachelor’s degree in linguistics from the University of California at Santa Cruz in 2014 and has since done editing and localization work on everything from college applications to magazines to video game dialogue.

MWNF Working Number: AT 106

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