Collections | Reforms and Social Changes | Health [35 Objects, 4 Monuments]

Change your selection


Related Content

Introduction to the Subtheme

Laënnec examining a patient at the Necker Hospital in 1816

19th century

National Library of France

Paris, France

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The history of medicine is marked by major discoveries in the 19th century, such as Laënnec\'s discoveries on auscultation (listening for body sounds, for example with a stethoscope). These discoveries helped to improve detection of diseases and care for patients.

Laënnec examining a patient at the Necker Hospital in 1816

19th century

National Library of France

Paris, France

See Database Entry

Hôpital Charles Nicolle

19th century

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The Charles Nicolle Hospital in Tunis was typical of the construction of large modern hospitals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and its layout took into consideration progress made in medicine and hygiene.

Institut Pasteur

19th century

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The Pasteur Institute in Tunis is typical of the construction of research centres in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was dedicated to identifying different diseases and epidemics.

Institut Pasteur

19th century

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

Hôpital Habib-Thameur

19th century

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

This hospital in Tunis was typical of the construction of large modern hospitals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and its layout took into consideration progress made in medicine and hygiene.

Plaster cast panel for microbiological education

1820–1840

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The profession of doctor changed enormously during the 19th century. Empiricism gave way to a scientific profession that required a good knowledge of diseases, medication and medical procedures. The training provided to medical students became extremely scientific thanks to specially designed teaching material and experimentation.

Plaster cast panel for microbiological education

1820–1840

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

An image from the book Eastern Hospitals and English Nurses

1857

The British Library

London, United Kingdom

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Nurses contributed a great deal to advancing hygiene and medicine. Here, a nurse is changing the layout of hospital wards to limit epidemics.

Military Infirmary

1865

Beirut, Lebanon

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

This hospital in Beirut was typical of the construction of large modern hospitals in the late 19th and early 20th centuries, and its layout took into consideration progress made in medicine and hygiene.

An Anxious Hour

1865

Victoria and Albert Museum

London, United Kingdom

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

In the mid-19th centuries, infant mortality was still high. Children’s diseases were harrowing for parents.

An Anxious Hour

1865

Victoria and Albert Museum

London, United Kingdom

See Database Entry

The Ambulance

1877

National Museum of Romanian History

Bucharest, Romania

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The numerous wars of the 19th and 20th centuries resulted in millions of wounded and dead. Ironically, this was a source of progress for medicine, in particular in the field of surgery, anaesthesia and asepsis.

The Ambulance

1877

National Museum of Romanian History

Bucharest, Romania

See Database Entry

Military Medical kit of Carol Davila

1877–1878

National Museum of Romanian History

Bucharest, Romania

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The profession of doctor changed enormously during the 19th century. Empiricism helped to establish a scientific profession that required a good knowledge of diseases, medication and medical procedures. The doctor’s kit of various medical implements was esssential.

Military Medical kit of Carol Davila

1877–1878

National Museum of Romanian History

Bucharest, Romania

See Database Entry

Médailles d'honneur d'or et de 1er mérite […] Biberon-Robert, flexible, patented […] Only the very best doesn't let your child go thirsty

1882

National Library of France

Paris, France

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

In order to prevent contagion and infant diseases related to inadequate hygiene, doctors and hygienists worked to teach mothers new habits. Manufacturers adapted their products to the new hygiene rules.

Edward Jenner Inoculates his Small Son with the Smallpox Vaccine

c. 1878

National Gallery of Modern Art (GNAM)

Rome, Italy

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The invention of vaccinations helped to save many lives. The vaccination against smallpox, a very contagious and often fatal disease, was among the most important.

Portable pharmacy

c. 1880–1900

Pharmacy Museum

Lisbon, Portugal

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Great progress was also made in the field of pharmacy in the 19th century. Medication and antiseptics were taken on journeys and to front lines in special boxes.

Portable pharmacy

c. 1880–1900

Pharmacy Museum

Lisbon, Portugal

See Database Entry

Photo showing the Institute of Medicine

1883

University of Saint Joseph

Beirut, Lebanon

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

This institute in Beirut is typical of the construction of research centres in the late 19th and early 20th centuries and was dedicated to identifying different diseases and epidemics.

Photo showing the Institute of Medicine

1883

University of Saint Joseph

Beirut, Lebanon

See Database Entry

Medical box of Dr. İbrahim Göze

1890–1923

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

The profession of doctor changed enormously during the 19th century. Empiricism helped to establish a scientific profession that required a good knowledge of diseases, medication and medical procedures. The doctor\'s kit or bag containing various items for treatment and medication was essential.

Medical box of Dr. İbrahim Göze

1890–1923

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

Weighing armchair

1890–1923

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Progress in medicine was accompanied by the design of tools to improve diagnosis and to monitor health, such as weighing and measuring patients.

Weighing armchair

1890–1923

Cerrahpaşa Medical History Museum

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

Turkey. Inside view of the Scutari Hospital during the Crimean war

1892

National Library of France

Paris, France

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Nurses contributed a great deal to advancing hygiene and medicine. Here, a nurse is changing the layout of hospital wards to limit epidemics.

Nosocomium [Latin: Hospital]

1895

National Gallery of Modern Art (GNAM)

Rome, Italy

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Advances in psychiatry enabled a very gradual improvement in care for patients in Europe in the 19th century. Psychiatric illnesses were becoming better identified, and patients were no longer systematically locked up.

Nosocomium [Latin: Hospital]

1895

National Gallery of Modern Art (GNAM)

Rome, Italy

See Database Entry

The patients in Darülaceze Hospital

1895

Istanbul University, Nadir Eserler Kütüphanesi (Rare Books Library)

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

 Justification for this item

Wards in new hospitals were built to promote the hygiene and comfort of patients, with well-ventilated wards, beds spaced apart from one another, washable surfaces and so on.

The patients in Darülaceze Hospital

1895

Istanbul University, Nadir Eserler Kütüphanesi (Rare Books Library)

Istanbul, Turkey

See Database Entry

Dr Charles Nicolle

20th century

Musée de la Médecine

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

Dr Charles Nicolle

20th century

Musée de la Médecine

Tunis, Tunisia

See Database Entry

Change your selection


Related Content

Introduction to the Subtheme

Previous 12 Next 
Previous 12 Next