Timeline | Before 1800 to After 1930 | QATAR

Date

Country | Theme | Description

1893


The Battle of al-Wajba 
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Qatar | Political Context

The Battle of al-Wajba is a victory for Sheikh Jassim and Qatar. This represents a decisive moment in the nation's history, asserting Qatar's independence from direct Ottoman interference.

1914


Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim 
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Qatar | Economy And Trade

Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim regulates the activity of pearling. He issued and publishes the first written document on pearling activities identifying the start and the end dates of the season and the dividend rates of workers in pearling dhows.

Qatar | Political Context

The Ottomans suddenly abandon Doha, leaving behind guns, shells and ammunition.

1916


Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim as Ruler of Qatar 
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Qatar | Political Context

Treaty with the UK. This recognises Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim as the ruler of Qatar, and places the sheikhdom under British maritime protection.

1925


Pearl fishers 
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Qatar | Economy And Trade

Sanat al-Tabaa: the year in which a relentless storm hits Qatar and the Gulf region, destroying many of the pearling and fishing fleets and killing more that 8,000 people.

1932


The Anglo-Persian Oil Company conducting research in Qatar 
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Qatar | Economy And Trade

Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim grants the Anglo-Persian Oil Company a two-year exploration licence in Qatar.

1938


Al-Zubarah 
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Qatar | Cities And Urban Spaces

Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim builds the famous Al Zubarah Fort, in the town of Al Zubarah to protect the northern border.

1940


Dukhan, Qatar, Oil Well No. 1 
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Qatar | Economy And Trade

Dukhan, Qatar, Oil Well No. 1 completed at a depth of 1,733 m, producing around 4,480 barrels of oil per day.

1943


Al-Jasra Hospital 
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Qatar | Reforms And Social Changes

Sheikh Abdullah bin Jassim starts to make plans to build the first hospital, in al-Jasra Qatar, which will be opened in 1947. During 1943, Sheikh Abdullah establishes some of the first modern schools in Qatar.