Timeline | Before 1800 to After 1930 | TURKEY

Date

Country | Theme | Description

1815

Turkey | Reforms And Social Changes

Mahmud II leaves Topkapı Palace to live in Beşiktaş Palace.

1823

Turkey | Political Context

28 July: Treaty of Erzurum, which ends the Ottoman–Iranian war and restores the previous border.

1826

Turkey | Political Context

15–17 June: The abolition and extermination of the Janissary corps (the so-called Auspicious Incident) in İstanbul by troops loyal to Sultan Mahmud II. This act provides the conditions for institutional modernisation.

1827

Turkey | Great Inventions Of The 19th Century

First steamboat in the Ottoman Empire is launched.

1827

Turkey | Political Context

20 October: A joint British, French and Russian fleet destroys the Ottoman and Egyptian navy at Navarino as the Sublime Porte did not accept the declaration of the UK, France and Russia for an autonomous Greece (in the Protocol of London, 6 July 1827).

1829

Turkey | Reforms And Social Changes

3 March: Clothing regulation: the Ottoman state mandates the fez as the common headgear for all Ottoman men.

1829

Turkey | Political Context

14 September: Treaty of Adrianople (present-day Edirne). This treaty secures Greek independence and strengthens the autonomy of Wallachia, Moldavia (Romania), and Serbia.

1831

Turkey | Music, Literature, Dance And Fashion

11 November: The first newspaper in Ottoman Turkish, Takvim-I Vekayi, published by the state.

1833

Turkey | Political Context

8 April: Treaty of Kütahya with Egypt. The Ottomans recognise Syria, Palestine and Lebanon as within the sphere of the Egyptian control.

1833

Turkey | Political Context

8 July: Defensive Treaty of Hünkar İskelesi with Russia establishes Russian naval superiority in the Black Sea.
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