Development of Islamic art as a discipline
“Every principle which we can derive from the study of the ornamental arts of any other people is not only ever present here, but was by the Moors more universally and truly obeyed.” (Owen Jones)
Both European scholars and designers were instrumental in shaping the beginning of the study of Islamic art from the mid-19th century. Gradually, as more information became available and more excavations were undertaken, Islamic art took its place among the other disciplines of art history. An important and highly influential figure of this period was the architect and designer Owen Jones.
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Development of Islamic art as a discipline
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Façade of the Palace of Mushatta

Decorative entrance facade of the Umayyad caliphal palace

AD 743–744; given by the Ottoman sultan ‘Abd al-Hamid II to Emperor Wilhelm II in 1903

Museum of Islamic Art at the Pergamon Museum, State Museums, Berlin, Germany

The façade of the Umayyad-period Qasr al-Mushatta, is a key work of early Islamic art and a prime example of shared heritage. Given as gift by the Ottoman Sultan ‘Abd al-Hamid II to Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany, the gesture was seminal to the establishment of the Department of Islamic Art at the Kaiser Friedrich Museum by Wilhelm von Bode in 1904.

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