© Sakıp Sabancı Müzesi

Name of Object:

Madame X


Istanbul, Turkey

Holding Institution:

Sabancı University, Sakıp Sabancı Museum

 About Sabancı University, Sakip Sabanci Museum, Istanbul

Date of Object:

19th century


Halil Paşa (1857, Istanbul-1939, Istanbul)

Inventory Number:

SSM 200-0261

Material(s) / Technique(s):

Oil and pastels on cardboard


100.5 x 65 cm




The basis of Turkish painting drawing influence from western tradition was laid when Mühendishane-i Berr-i Hümayun (the Naval Academy) opened in 1795. Halil Pasha was foremost among the painters with a military background who founded a western-style art tradition in Turkey. He worked with Jean Leon Gerome in his atelier in Paris. He provided a unique distinction to the analysis of impressionist light and colour, and was an example of artists dealing with impressionist technique. Because of his qualified knowledge about anatomy and his interest in depicting the human figure, Halil Pasha had a unique place in Turkish Art History.

Citation of this web page:

"Madame X" in "Sharing History", Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.sharinghistory.org/database_item.php?id=object;AWE;tr;169;en

Database entry origination:

Copyedited by: Daniel de la VegaDaniel de la Vega

Daniel de la Vega is a copy editor based in Portland, Oregon. He obtained his bachelor’s degree in linguistics from the University of California at Santa Cruz in 2014 and has since done editing and localization work on everything from college applications to magazines to video game dialogue.

MWNF Working Number: TR2 165

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