‘Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918)
Austrian National Library
Portrait of 'Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918). He was born in 1842 in Istanbul. In 1876 he became Sultan and after the lost war with Russia in 1877, he was forced to agree to the 1878 Congress of Berlin. The signatory powers of the congress allowed Austria to occupy Bosnia-Herzegovina, which belonged to the territory of the Ottoman Empire. In 1888 he had to accept the occupation of Tunisia by France. He tried to modernize the Ottoman Empire with the help of Germany, but in 1908 a revolution of Turkish officers forced him to abdicate. He died in 1918 in Istanbul.
"‘Abd-al-Hamid (Abdülhamid) II (1842–1918)" in "Sharing History", Museum With No Frontiers, 2020. http://www.sharinghistory.org/database_item.php?id=object;AWE;at;105;en
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MWNF Working Number: AT 106
On display in
Sharing History Exhibition(s)Travelling | Royal And Diplomatic Visits | Overview Travelling | Royal And Diplomatic Visits | Ottoman And Arab Diplomatic Visits
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